The clean ecological car does not exist but solutions exist, the electric car is ecological?

Is the electric car ecological

In the case of a rechargeable hybrid vehicle, the ecological bonus can reach € 2000 if the car in question has a range of at least 50 km and if its CO2 emission rate is between 21 and 50 g/km.

The clean ecological car does not exist but solutions exist

The ecological car is increasingly at the heart of the debates. Between the endless debate of the electric car on the environmental impact, its legislative framework, but also the promise of new cleaner fuels, it is not always easy to navigate. Above all, when you decide to buy a new ecological car. In addition, depending on its budget, the choices are quickly limited.
So what about the ecological car ? How to choose it ? Which model to turn ? Inquire with which car dealerships ? Can an ecological car be an economical car ?

Why the ecological car ?

Oil resources exhausting, another mode of automobile propulsion is to be considered. Electric or hybrid cars arise as an interesting alternative on the ecological level. But we often see only their advantages. Take for example, among all the questions they raise arises that of energy distribution strategies to be deployed throughout the road network. The ecological car is the miracle solution ?

The ecological car must meet several objectives:

  1. Environmental:
    The goal is to reduce CO2 emissions. Globally all environmental policies converge on this point. With more or less rapid implementation, it is true, depending on political and economic interests.
  2. Sustainable development :
    The observation is the problem of the availability of natural resources. Oil source of main energy of automobiles can dry up. However, in 1974, the Meadows report declared that we would only have 40 years of oil. But this date of exhaustion of the global oil reserve is retreating to the rhythm of the discoveries of new oil fields.
  3. Societal:
    The urbanization of the population is still up. To date, the world urbanization rate is 50 %. In 2050 the rate would exceed 70 %. The development of large metropolises causes many environmental consequences. Air pollution, water pollution increases considerably. In addition, urbanization is one of the major causes of biodiversity erosion. In addition, consumers have new expectations in terms of comfort, cost, and economic performance.

What to know about the ecological car

Operation of an ecological car

In recent years, the number of electric and hybrid cars has continued to grow. Thus, the car fleet with these clean fuel vehicles is enjoying growing success. Is it a fashion effect ? A real ecological revolution ?

While a classic car, called thermal car, works with diesel or gasoline and produces polluting gases (CO2, nitrogen oxide, fine particles, etc.)). An ecological car is a vehicle that does not produce (or even very little in some cases) of polluting emissions during its use. These polluting emissions (CO2) are measured per kilometer.

Choosing an ecological car that rolls under the pollution thresholds allows you to obtain tax incentives, or even bonuses in order to reduce the purchase price.
The goal of the government is to encourage the renewal of the car fleet with the gradual arrangement of old models, those that pollute the most.

More restrictive vehicle control

Since 01/09/2018, new light vehicles that are registered in Europe must be subject to a global trial procedure. This standard is called WLTP or World Harmonized Light Vehicle Test Procedures.

This procedure makes it possible to measure the actual consumption of fuel as well as the CO2 emission rate.

The WLTP standard replaces the NEDC cycle which has been in force since 1973.
Concretely, the measures carried out are more close to the real driving conditions. This test is carried out over 30 minutes with an average speed of 47 km/h.

Mandatory antipollution control

Promulgated in August 2015, the law of the energy transition made it possible to determine the minima in terms of pollution threshold for each vehicle.
The goal is to reduce air pollution. But also to encourage consumers by encouraging them to turn to clean vehicles.

The ecological bonus was revised and refocused on electric vehicles through the finance law in 2018.

Some aids to buy an ecological vehicle

The ecological bonus

This aid is to benefit from a discount for the purchase of a non -polluting vehicle.
In fact, if you are an individual, if you buy an electric vehicle with CO2 consumption of less than 20 g/km² and if the purchase price is less than € 45,000, the ecological bonus is € 7,000.

In the case of a rechargeable hybrid vehicle, the ecological bonus can reach € 2000 if the car in question has a range of at least 50 km and if its CO2 emission rate is between 21 and 50 g/km.

The conversion bonus

Here is financial assistance for those who wish to buy a new or used vehicle in exchange for their old vehicle.
This premium can go up to € 5,000 for the purchase of a hybrid or electric car and up to € 3000 for a thermal car.

The different types of ecological vehicle

Several technologies are developed to obtain a so -called ecological vehicle.

The electric car

Today, the electric car is the only vehicle in the world that produces almost no local pollution. No CO2 emission or nitrogen dioxide and few fine particles.
Even if the 100 % clean car does not exist, the electric car is the model that comes closest to it.

It is important to take into account the mode of electricity production to drive said car to identify the environmental impact of the electric car.
Concretely, an electric car powered by a green energy source like photovoltaic panels is 100 % clean. In addition, if the car is recharged during off -peak it is a plus.

The CNG car

CNG motorization (or natural gas) is an interesting solution for someone who does not have the financial means to pass the electric.
Most manufacturers today offer models with a CNG motorization.

CNG is a compressed natural gas, the same as the city gas used for the heating of our houses for example.
It is a fossil fuel that emits CO2 at the time of its combustion, but only at that time.
The emission of fine particles as well as nitrogen dioxide are very low.

The hybrid vehicle

The hybrid vehicle alternates two types of engines, namely an electric motor and a heat engine.
We speak of a “full hybrid” car when it rolls on the electricity produced by the so-called degenerative braking and a hybrid car “plug in” when it requires recharge via a socket.
While a hybrid car “plug in” (ideal for town trips) allows you to drive only 3 km electric since its battery recharges at the time of braking. The rechargeable hybrid offers almost 50 km in electric (popular for long journeys).

Be careful however, because the rechargeable hybrid consumes more than a thermal car when its battery is empty due to the weight of the latter.

The Diesel/HVO car

A diesel car is always more expensive to buy than a petrol car, but its profitability will be there if you drive more than 25,000 km/year.
But hunting diesel vehicles leads to a change in behavior.
Even if diesel is a fossil fuel, HVO diesel is a diesel produced from vegetable oils hydrotraity.

This type of fuel remains a track of reflection, but which has not yet satisfied to enter the “clean car” category due to its impact on the environment as to its production which requires large areas.

Auto petrol/bioethanol

Like diesel with HVO diesel, petrol also has its biofuel: bioethanol.
The one we meet with the pump under the name “E85” (or Super ethanol) has been very successful for a few years.
E85 is made up of 85 % bioethanol and 15 % traditional gasoline.

In conclusion, the ecological car has significant environmental advantages, but these advantages remain to be qualified.

One of the brakes has its success always remains the problem of storage and the availability of new energies.

Battery technologies are constantly evolving, lithium-ion batteries are starting to sweep away all current technologies.

The generalization of ecological cars will be done with the creation of new energy distribution networks. This will require significant investments that will have to be developed with ambitious public policies and the technological innovations of car manufacturers.

Pollution by roads always exists

Indeed, we constantly find waste by the roads. 30 % of motorists continue to throw their waste through the window of their car during their trips. Let us adopt car trash cans now in all vehicles to collect waste. Discover in preview the 1st car ecological trash can collect all your waste.

A gesture for the planet is a gesture for man !

Is the electric car ecological ?

Is the electric car ecological? This is a question that it is not easy to issue an answer. Especially since it depends on the country where the said car and its electric mix rolls. © Folienfeuer, Fotolia

In Europe, the transport sector is the main responsible for urban pollution. The electric car seems to represent a good solution to this public health problem. But to estimate his true ecological footprint, it is the whole of life cycle that must.

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Is the electric car really ecological ? The question may seem simple. But it is not. To hope to provide an answer, you must examine in detail the arguments of each other, on this subject.

First observation: the electric car electric car does not have an exhaust pot. It is therefore unable to emit CO2. The electric car is therefore an ecological car. A green car: CQFD ! Except that the electric car, by definition, rolls to electricity. And to produce electricity, we sometimes use fossil fuels, as is the case in China which still produces almost 70 % of its electricity in coal -fired coal power plants emitting gas greenhouse gases greenhouse gas . Note, however, that the country had in 2017 for almost half of the world sales of new electric cars.

Most of the time therefore, even if it is masked and diverted, the electric car emits co -co2 When she rolls. In France, the production of electricity is decarbonized but is largely based on nuclear nuclear nuclear power plants and therefore generates hazardous waste hazardous waste, the generic term ofecological (remember that it relates to everything that respects the environment), may not be the most suitable.

All these reservations being laid, German researchers recently estimated that in Europe, the electric car rivals all the same today – in terms of CO emissions emissions2/km – with the most efficient thermal car on the market. And the advantage of the electric car continues to increase. With age, because the antipollution systems that equip thermal cars tend to age badly. Over the years too: the share of renewable energies in electric mixes will grow, making electricity production less and less emitting CO2.

Almost half of fine particles emissions would come from the abrasion of the wheels, road surfaces or brakes. Thus, electric cars also emit their share of fine particles. Even if engine brake and energy recovery system limit losses. According to ADEME, from 50,000 km traveled, an electric car becomes less polluting than a thermal car. © Public Domainpictures, Pixabay, CC0 Creative Commons

Almost half of fine particles emissions would come from the abrasion of the wheels, the road surface or the brakes. Thus, electric cars also emit their share of fine particles. Even if engine brake and energy recovery system limit losses. According to Ademe, from 50.000 km traveled, an electric car becomes generally less polluting than a thermal car. © Public Domainpictures, Pixabay, CC0 Creative Commons

A battery that weighs down the ecological assessment

That’s it for the driving phase of the life of an electric car. But there is a “before”. And also, a “after”.

Let us not forget that, to assess the real ecological footprint of the electric car, it is necessary to be interested in its life cycle as a whole. In this matter material, lithium-ion batteries on these vehicles deemed green seem to be expensive to the environment. First of all because the rare metal metals that make it up are extracted in countries that still make too few cases from our environmental and societal considerations. Then, because the lithium-ion batteries lithium-ion are today mainly produced in countries with low virtuous energy mixes.

Finally, because recycling recycling of these batteries still questions. Even if it seems technically possible, it remains economically unattractive. At least as long as the number of batteries concerned is relatively low. But, in the coming years, with the boom in the market, the recycling sector should naturally be organized.

In the meantime, manufacturers also work to offer a second life to these batteries. Once their performances have passed below the acceptable threshold for the automotive automobile, they can indeed act as a stationary storage solution for renewable energies. This is already the case in Amsterdam (Netherlands), at the Johan Cruyff Arena stadium where several dozen Nissan Leaf batteries have been converted into a rescue electricity storage system powered by solar panels. One way certainly, to make electric cars more ecological.

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