Initiation to computer science: what is a computer, laptop – purchase, guide & advice – LDLC

Laptop

    The equipment consists of all the physical parts of your computer such as the keyboard or the mouse. It also includes all the internal parts of the computer that you can see in the image below.

Initiation to computer science: what is a computer

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A computer is a device that allows you to carry out operations or calculations. He has the capacity to store, recover and process data. You can also use a computer to enter documents, send emails, play video games and navigate the Internet. In addition, you can use it to modify or create Excel tables, presentations and even videos.

Watch the video below to learn more about the different types of computers.

Software hardware

Before approaching the questions relating to the different types of computers, let’s first talk about the two elements specific to all computers: <0>equipment And <0>The software.

    The equipment consists of all the physical parts of your computer such as the keyboard or the mouse. It also includes all the internal parts of the computer that you can see in the image below.

Image of a motherboard

PowerPoint 2013 screenshot

All the tasks you perform on your computer will be based on hardware and software. For example, at the moment you are browsing this lesson in a <0>Web browser (software) and using your <0>mouse (equipment) scroll from one page to another. While deepening your knowledge of the different types of computers, you can wonder about the differences in their equipment. By evolving in this tutorial, you will see that software differ depending on the type of computers.

What are the different types of computers?

In general, when we talk about the term computer, number of people think of personal computer, including a desktop computer or a laptop. However, computers present themselves in various forms and different sizes, and they fulfill different functions in our daily lives. When you remove money at an automatic counter, scan the store grocery stores or use a calculator, you use a precise type of computer.

grid of people using computers

Office computers

office computer

Many people use office computers at work, home and school. Office computers are designed to be placed on a desktop. They are generally made up of very few different parts, including the computer housing, the monitor, the keyboard and the mouse.

Laptop

a laptop

The second type of computer that is familiar to you is a laptop, commonly called a “laptop”. Laptops are powered by a battery and are more portable than desktop computers, which allows you to use them almost everywhere.

PC tablets

A PC tablet

THE <0>PC tablets -Or <0>tablets -are pocket computers that are even more portable than laptops proper. In place of a keyboard and a mouse, the tablets use a <0>touch screen To enter the data and navigate the internet. <0>The iPad is an example of a tablet.

Servers

A server room

A <0>server is a computer that provides information to other computers on a network. For example, whenever you use the Internet, you are looking for information that is stored on a server. Many companies also use local file servers to store and share files internally.

Other types of computers

Most modern electronic devices are essentially specialized computers, but they are not always seen as such. Here are some most common examples.

  • <0>Smartphones: Many mobile phones can fulfill as much function as computers, including browsing the Internet and playing. They are generally called smartphones.
  • Laptops: portable technology is a generic term used to designate a group of devices, including portable physical formalization devices (fitness trackers) and connected watches (smartwatches), which are designed to be worn throughout of the day. These devices are often called laptops to be short.
  • Gaming consoles: A game console is a specialized computer type that is used to play video games on your TV.
  • TVs °: Most modern televisions include applications that allow you to access different types of online content. For example, you can broadcast a video from the Internet directly on your TV.

PC and Mac

Personal computers are marketed in two main models °: PC and Mac. The two models are perfectly operational, but they have a different configuration and conviviality. Several users prefer one or the other.

PCs

A Windows PC

This type of computer started with the original IBM PC which was sold in 1981. Other companies have started to make similar computers that were called compatible IBM PC (often abbreviated PC). Today, this PC is the most used type in terms of personal computer. It usually includes the Microsoft Windows operating system.

Macs

A Mac computer

The Macintosh computer was put on the market in 1984, and it was the first best -selling personal computer with a graphic user interface, or guys. All Macs are manufactured by a single company (Apple) and they almost always use the Mac OS X operating system.

Laptop

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MSI Modern 15 B12M-485FR

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Microsoft Surface Pro Type Cover Black

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Urban Factory Urban Sleeve 15.6

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… Place everything that separates your laptop from an office pc on your desktop, plugging in a single cable.

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