Mobile screen size and tablet (iPhone, iPad, Galaxy, etc. ), Classify the screen sizes of iOS devices – Create a responsive application with Uikit for iOS – Openclassrooms

Create a responsive application with Uikit for iOS

iPhone 6+, 6s+, 7+, 8+

Mobile screen size and tablet

Size and screen resolution are two essential features to take into account when choosing a smartphone or tablet. The illustration below allows you to visually compare orders of magnitude (Diagonals in incumbent and cm) of the most common screen sizes of portable devices.

Comparison of sizes D

For smartphones in particular, screens of portable devices are generally more and more large. This increase in size has its advantages but also its disadvantages:

  • Comfort in use
    The larger the screen, the more comfortable it will be to use applications, navigate the web or watch movies and series. The keys on the virtual keyboard will also be larger.
  • Transportability and maneuverability
    A device with a large screen will be more bulky and less handy, especially for smartphones for which it will be frequently necessary to use both hands to reach certain parts of the touch screen.

In parallel with the size, the ratio screens (height/width ratio) has also evolved over time. This development is mainly due to the democratization of “borderless” mobile phones, that is to say without border or reception buttons.

Ratios d

The screen is larger but it is also more elongated (and with rounded corners). The format gradually increased from the classic 16/9 to an average of 19.5/9. You will also notice that on many models (iPhone in particular), part of the display surface is from nibbled at the top by a notch (the “notch”) which includes sensors, the speaker and the camera frontal.

Smartphone size

The sections below have a Panel representative of screen sizes The most popular iOS and Android models (Apple iPhone and Samsung Galaxy ranges in particular).

Screen specifications of the main models

Diagonal lengths of Apple mobile screens

Apple mobile screens size

By simplicity, the upper notch (Notch) has been represented in an identical way on each visual, but it may be different depending on the versions (12, 13, 14, max, pro, more, etc.)).

Model Size (inch) Size (cm) Definition (pixels) Resolution (PPP)
Iphone 6 4.7 “ 11.9 cm 1334 x 750 px 326 pp
iPhone 6S 4.7 “ 11.9 cm 1334 x 750 px 326 pp
iPhone 7 4.7 “ 11.9 cm 1334 x 750 px 326 pp
iPhone 8 4.7 “ 11.9 cm 1334 x 750 px 326 pp
iPhone 6 Plus 5.5 “ 14 cm 1920 x 1080 px 401 ppi
iPhone 6S Plus 5.5 “ 14 cm 1920 x 1080 px 401 ppi
iPhone 7 Plus 5.5 “ 14 cm 1920 x 1080 px 401 ppi
iPhone 8 Plus 5.5 “ 14 cm 1920 x 1080 px 401 ppi
iPhone X 5.8 “ 14.7 cm 2436 x 1125 px 458 ppi
iPhone XS 5.8 “ 14.7 cm 2436 x 1125 px 458 ppi
iPhone 11 Pro 5.8 “ 14.7 cm 2436 x 1125 px 458 ppi
iPhone XR 6.1 “ 15.5 cm 1792 x 828 px 326 pp
iPhone 11 6.1 “ 15.5 cm 1792 x 828 px 326 pp
iPhone xs max 6.5 “ 16.5 cm 2688 x 1242 px 458 ppi
iPhone 11 Pro Max 6.5 “ 16.5 cm 2688 x 1242 px 458 ppi
iPhone 12/13 (mini) 5.4 “ 13.7 cm 2340 x 1080 px 476 PPP
iPhone 12/13 (pro and standard) / 14 6.1 “ 15.5 cm 2352 x 1170 px 460 ppi
iPhone 14 Pro 6.1 “ 15.5 cm 2556 x 1179 px 460 ppi
iPhone 12/13 (pro max) / 14 Plus 6.7 “ 17 cm 2778 x 1284 px 458 ppi
iPhone 14 Pro Max 6.7 “ 17 cm 2796 x 1290 px 460 ppi

The length indicated corresponds to that of the diagonal (in inches and cm).

The diagram and table above clearly illustrate the trend to expand mobile screen sizes over time. In addition, for a more detailed comparison of the different models, you can also use the iPhone comparator (on the Apple site).

With filtering criteria (baker site)
What is PPP resolution ?

it’s about the pixel density of the screen. PPP unit indeed means Pixel per inch (In English PPI, pixels per inch). This value thus indicates the number of pixels on a thumb of length (2.54 cm). The higher it, the more precise the display will be.

Explanatory diagram of the resolution expressed in PPP

Current smartphones screens (Apple Retina for example) have a very high resolution and pixels are generally indistinguishable.

For more information, see the definition and screen resolution page.

Screen specifications of the main models

Model Size (inch) Size (cm) Definition (pixels) Resolution (PPP)
Galaxy S8 5.8 “ 14.7 cm 2960 x 1440 px ~ 570 ppi
Galaxy S9 5.8 “ 14.7 cm 2960 x 1440 px ~ 570 ppi
Galaxy S10E 5.8 “ 14.7 cm 2280 x 1080 px ~ 438 ppi
Galaxy S10 6.1 “ 15.5 cm 3040 x 1440 px ~ 550 ppi
Galaxy S8+ 6.2 “ 15.7 cm 2960 x 1440 px ~ 529 PPP
Galaxy S9+ 6.2 “ 15.7 cm 2960 x 1440 px ~ 529 PPP
Galaxy S20 6.2 “ 15.7 cm 3200 x 1440 px ~ 563 PPP
Galaxy S21 5G 6.2 “ 15.7 cm 2400 x 1080 px ~ 421 PPP
Galaxy S10+ 6.4 “ 16.3 cm 3040 x 1440 px ~ 522 PPP
Galaxy S10 5G 6.7 “ 17 cm 3040 x 1440 px ~ 505 ppi
Galaxy S20+ 6.7 “ 17 cm 3200 x 1440 px ~ 525 ppi
Galaxy S21+ 5G 6.7 “ 17 cm 2400 x 1080 px ~ 394 PPP
Galaxy S21 Ultra 5g 6.8 “ 17.3 cm 3200 x 1440 px ~ 515 ppi
Galaxy S20 Ultra 6.9 “ 17.5 cm 3200 x 1440 px ~ 511 PPP
Galaxy S22/S23 6.1 “ 15.5 cm 2340 x 1080 px ~ 422 PPP
Galaxy S22+/S23+ 6.6 “ 16.8 cm 2340 x 1080 px ~ 390 ppi
Galaxy S22 Ultra/S23 Ultra 6.8 “ 17.3 cm 3088 x 1440 px ~ 501 ppi

The length indicated corresponds to that of the diagonal (in inches and cm).

Like its competitor Apple, Samsung provides a smartphones comparator (Samsung site.com) to view the differences between their different models (screen specifications but also memory, processor, dimensions, etc.)). Unfortunately you will only find their most recent products.

With filtering criteria (baker site)

Specifications of the main models

Model Size (inch) Size (cm) Definition (pixels) Resolution (PPP)
Redmi 9 6.53 “ 16.6 cm 2340 x 1080 px ~ 394 PPP
Redmi (note) 10/10s 6.5 “ 16.5 cm 2400 x 1080 px ~ 405 ppi
Redmi Note 11/11S 6.43 “ 16.3 cm 2400 x 1080 px ~ 409 PPP
Redmi Note 11 Pro / Pro+ 6.67 “ 16.9 cm 2400 x 1080 px ~ 395 ppi
Xiaomi 12/12x 6.28 “ 16 cm 2400 x 1080 px ~ 419 PPP
Xiaomi 12 Pro / 13 Pro 6.73 “ 17.1 cm 3200 x 1440 px ~ 522 PPP
Xiaomi 13 6.36 “ 16.2 cm 2400 x 1080 px ~ 414 PPP

The length indicated corresponds to that of the diagonal (in inches and cm).

To see all the technical specifications of Xiaomi smartphones (the range is relatively wide), consult the information page of their site, in Mi.com.

With filtering criteria (baker site)

Specifications of the main models

Model Size (inch) Size (cm) Definition (pixels) Resolution (PPP)
P30 6.1 “ 15.5 cm 2340 x 1080 px ~ 422 PPP
P40 6.1 “ 15.5 cm 2340 x 1080 px ~ 422 PPP
P30 Lite 6.15 “ 15.6 cm 2312 x 1080 px ~ 415 PPP
P40 Lite 6.4 “ 16.3 cm 2310 x 1080 px ~ 398 ppi
P30 Pro 6.47 “ 16.4 cm 2340 x 1080 px ~ 398 ppi
P40 Pro 6.58 “ 16.7 cm 2640 x 1200 px ~ 441 PPP
P60 Pro 6.67 “ 16.9 cm 2700 x 1200 px ~ 443 ppi
Nova 9 6.57 “ 16.7 cm 2340 x 1080 px ~ 392 PPP
Nova 9 is 6.78 “ 17.2 cm 2388 x 1080 px ~ 387 ppi
MATE 50 PRO 6.74 “ 17.1 cm 2616 x 1212 px ~ 428 ppi
Mate X3 (unfolded) 7.85 “ 19.9 cm 2496 x 2224 px ~ 426 PPP

The length indicated corresponds to that of the diagonal (in inches and cm).

To learn more about sizes and/or technical characteristics (dimensions, memory, processor, battery, photo sensors, etc.), you can use the Huawei comparison tool (on their site).

With filtering criteria (baker site)

Tablet size

You will find below the screen sizes of the most common tablets on the market (Apple iPad and Samsung Galaxy Tab). There may be multiple variants of these models, but the characteristics are generally similar.

Specifications of the main models

Diagonal lengths of the screens of the Apple tablets

Model Size (inch) Size (cm) Definition (pixels) Resolution (PPP)
iPad mini (6th gen.)) 8.3 “ 21.1 cm 2266 x 1488 px 326 pp
iPad (9th gen.)) 10.2 “ 25.9 cm 2160 x 1620 px 264 PPP
iPad (10th gen.)) 10.9 “ 27.7 cm 2360 x 1640 px 264 PPP
iPad Air (5th Gen.)) 10.9 “ 27.7 cm 2360 x 1640 px 264 PPP
iPad pro 11 “(4th gen.)) 11 “ 27.9 cm 2388 x 1668 px 264 PPP
iPad pro 12.9 “(6th gen.)) 12.9 “ 32.8 cm 2732 x 2048 px 264 PPP

The length indicated corresponds to that of the diagonal (in inches and cm).

For more details on the different iPad models (complete characteristics), do not hesitate to use the iPad comparator (on Apple.com). You will find all the visuals, the variations by color and the complete technical specifications.

With filtering criteria (baker site)

Specifications of the main models

Diagonal lengths of the screens of the samsung galaxy tab touch pads

Model Size (inch) Size (cm) Definition (pixels) Resolution (PPP)
Galaxy Tab A7 Lite 8.7 “ 22.1 cm 1340 x 800 px ~ 179 PPP
Galaxy Tab A8 10.5 “ 26.7 cm 1920 x 1200 px ~ 216 PPP
Galaxy Tab S7 / S8 11 “ 27.9 cm 2560 x 1600 px ~ 274 PPP
Galaxy Tab S7+ / S8+ 12.4 “ 31.5 cm 2800 x 1752 px ~ 266 PPP
Galaxy Tab S8 Ultra 14.6 “ 37.1 cm 2960 x 1848 px ~ 239 PPP

Create a responsive application with Uikit for iOS

To calmly approach the question of screening of screen sizes, let’s start by going around the sizes you will have to manage in iOS.

Apprehend the screen sizes

We usually talk about screen sizes in inch (noted ”), and we measure the diagonal.

In iOS, there are two large families of sizes:

  • iPhone sizes;
  • iPad sizes.

In each family there are several different sizes, which are found in the diagram below.

The different sizes in iOS are summarized in the table below

Device

Size

iPad pro big 1, 2

iPad pro small 2

iPad pro small 1

iPhone pro max 12, 13

iPhone 11 Pro Max

iPhone 11, 12, 13

iPhone Pro 12, 13

iPhone 6+, 6s+, 7+, 8+

iPhone 6, 6s, 7, 8

This table summarizes the twelve sizes existing in the iOS family with the exhaustive list of all associated iOS devices. No need you know all of this by heart. Only know that there are six sizes for the iPhone and six for the iPad. And these twelve sizes, you can visualize them all in the storyboard !

Visualize the sizes in the storyboard

To change the size of the interface in the storyboard, use the sizes selector. Lower left of the storyboard, you have the following button:

The button to access the sizes selector

Click on it to reveal the size selector.

The sizes selector offers different sizes of

Here you can select the size you want to display the interfaces of your storyboard. By default, the size is that of the iPhone 8 Plus, but you can change this as you wish.

I invite you to play a little with the different sizes. There are three possible settings:

The size

The screen size allows you to simply choose the screen size you want to view.

There are eight sizes for the iPhone, but there is only one size for the iPad ! They forgot?

Well seen ! With twelve sizes available in all, Apple wanted to avoid displaying too long list. But try to click on the iPad to the right of the list, it will be updated instantly by displaying the available iPads, Magic !

Guidance

You can decide to display landscape or portrait orientation by applying a rotation to the display:

The button to change the

Adaptation

If you choose one of the iPads in the selector, a third setting is available: adaptation.

The button to adapt the

Indeed on the iPad, two applications can be displayed next to each other. Apple calls this Split View. Suddenly the application will no longer take the whole screen, it is therefore necessary to provide the variation in the size of the interface in this case. And it’s with the setting Adaptation that can be visualized it.

In summary

  • There are twelve different screen sizes for iOS devices: four for the iPad and eight for the iPhone.
  • As with the preview mode, in the previous chapter, the size selector allows you to visualize what your application gives on different devices directly in the storyboard. And you can see that as soon as we leave the iPhone 8 Plus, it is not very convincing !

From the next game, we will start solving this problem ! But before diving, check your skills in the quiz. �� See you !