Comparison / 26 graphics cards tested September 2023 – Numériques, comparison graphics card

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GeForce RTX 4060

Comparison / 26 graphics cards tested September 2023

The graphics card is the essential item to display video games in a fluid way. But choosing the right model is often difficult: 3D performance, consumption and noise … What a card best meets these different criteria ?

AMD and NVIDIA share the market with their GeForce RTX, GeForce GTX and other Radeon RX – Intel ranges is also present with its Arc range. The offer is wide and the battle takes place on several levels with, in the first place, the performances in the games. Each generation, flea performance is increasing, MHz increases and graphic memory evolves. However, these increasingly rapid graphics cards do not increase the consumption of the system. Energy performance race is an issue from which the consumer benefits: less consumption, it is less cooling and therefore more silence.

The rise of graphic power is necessary with the democratization of 4K. Playing in UHD at a higher and more detail images rate requires a particularly important power. In addition to this increase in performance, AMD and NVIDI also offer technological advances for obtaining ever more realistic video games: Ray Tracing, IMAGE IMPROVATION BY IA (DLSS, FSR) or Improved Shadows and other elements fine (hair, grass, etc.)). The choice is also overwhelming, the cards gaming of AMD and Nvidia being offered at prices varying between a hundred euros and more than a thousand euros. Our graphics card comparison is there to guide you in your choice, whether to play on a 1080p, 1440p or 4k screen. All GPU ranges (like NVIDIA AMPERE) are tested in our laboratory so as to help you when purchasing to make the best choice when buying a new NVIDIA or AMD graphics card.

The test procedure

All graphics cards that pass in our test laboratory undergo the same test protocol. We first assess the video game capabilities by reporting the flow in 11 games. These games are executed in three different definitions ranging from Full HD to 4K. Depending on the titles, we carry out these tests in classic rendering (raterization), then with activated raytracing and, when possible, with the DLSS or the FSR. With specific equipment, we do not fail to raise the electricity consumption of each model, in the games then at rest. Finally, using our soundometer, we assess the noise pollution of the cooling system.

Compare graphics cards

You can see the full evaluation of the video card on the evaluation page.

GeForce RTX 4090 100.00

GeForce RTX 4080 89.44

Radeon Pro W7800 82.56

GeForce RTX 4070 Ti 81.28

Radeon RX 7900 XTX 80.08

Top 5 graphics cards at the best price-quality ratio

Radeon RX 5700 XT 100.00

GeForce GTX 1070 SLI (Portable) 100.00

Tesla P40 100.00

GeForce GTX 1080 (portable) 95.53

Radeon RX 5700 80.47

Popular comparisons

Here are some of the most popular graphics card comparisons in recent times.

GeForce RTX 3060

GeForce RTX 4060

GeForce RTX 3060 Ti

GeForce RTX 3060

GeForce RTX 2060 Super

GeForce RTX 3060

GeForce GTX 1060 6 GB

Radeon RX 580

GeForce RTX 3060 Ti

GeForce RTX 4060

GeForce GTX 1660 Super

GeForce RTX 3050 8 GB

Popular graphics cards

These graphics cards have been attracting the greatest attention for a few months.

Radeon RX 580

GeForce RTX 4090

Radeon RX Vega 7

GeForce RTX 3060

GeForce GTX 1650

GeForce GTX 1050 Ti

Technical City

  • Games are tested by

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What is the best graphics card (GPU) ? Comparison and purchasing guide

For gamers, video editors and even cryptocurrency minors, choose a good Graphic card is essential. We will of course examine its graphic performance, but also the possibilities offered by overclocking or the cooling system. And on these points and many others, your expectations can vary greatly depending on your needs.

For those who know it less, we offer our Comparison of the 10 best graphics cards recent, classified in order of power/relevance.

In the second part of the article, the buying guide is in detail of the vocabulary surrounding GPUs (acronym to designate a graphic processor and more generally a graphics card), the components and the manufacturers. You will find selection criteria to help you make your choice according to your profile.

Comparative table of graphics cards

Find below the models presented in the classification with a summary of their main characteristics. You can also find, in the buying guide, a complete table detailing the performance of GPUs according to the resolution and the number of images per second (FPS).

Graphics cards Gpu Overclocking Ram FAN Consumption
RTX 4090 2230 MHz Yes 24 GB 3 450 W
RX 7900 XTX 2455 MHz Yes 24 GB 3 320 W
RTX 4080 2210 MHz Yes 16 GB 3 320 W
RX 7900 XT 2220 MHz Yes 20 GB 3 300 W
RTX 6900 XT 2135 MHz Yes 16 GB 3 300 W
RTX 4070 Ti 2310 MHz Yes 12 GB 3 285 W
RX 6800 XT 1925 MHz Yes 16 GB 3 296 W
RTX 4070 2520 MHz Yes 12 GB 2 or 3 200 W
RX 6700 XT 2321 MHz Yes 12 GB 2 or 3 230 W
RTX 3060 Ti 1770 MHz Yes 8 GB 2 or 3 220 W

Ranking of the best graphics cards: Top 10

To get an idea of ​​the right price, we advise you to refer to the MSRP price of Nvidia or AMD. Custom models (brands like Asus, MSI, etc.) are generally at a normal time price.

Here we present NVIDIA RTX and AMD RADEON RX cards. RTX is more expensive but more effective on image generation processes in order to benefit from Ray-Tracing. If Ray-Tracing is not an argument for you, then the RADEON D’AMD offer excellent performance in terms of rasterization and for an extremely interesting performance/price ratio.

1. RTX 4090

MSI RTX 4090 Gaming X Trio

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Features : Frequency : 2520 MHz | RAM: 24 GB (GDDR6X) | Fanters: 3

If you are looking to obtain the ultimate from graphics cards, the RTX 4090 from Nvidia is currently most powerful on the market. With 16,384 Cuda cores, a frequency of 2.52 GHz, a 24 GB video memory in GDDR6X And consumption of up to 450 watts, this GPU is a real power monster. Compared to the RTX 3090 which has 10,496 cuda cores and a frequency of 1.7 GHz, the RTX 4090 is capable of making Turn all the games in 4K with record results in Ray Tracing, in particular thanks to the DLSS 3.

Despite all that, she shows a efficient cooling, capable of maintaining suitable temperatures and containing the noise of ventilation, reaching about 40.5 dB (a) to the maximum. However, its electrical consumption is high, requiring a recommended diet of minimum 850 watts. In short, the RTX 4090 is above all intended for professionals performing heavy tasks on a daily basis, including video editing, 3D modeling, etc., and most demanding players, All for a prize that can be disproportionate.

2. RX 7900 XTX

RX 7900 XTX XFX Speedster Merc310

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Features : Frequency : 2500 MHz | RAM: 24 GB (GDDR6) | Fanters: 3

AMD continues to make significant progress in the field of graphics cards, in particular with its current flagship model: the RX 7900 XTX. With its new RDNA 3 architecture, it competes with NVIDIA RTX 4080. It has a GPU frequency of up to 2.5 GHz, a VRAM of 24 GB in GDDR6 All for a consumption of 355 watts. Although the RX 7900 XTX is more behind compared to the RTX 4080 with regard to Ray Tracing, it provides slightly higher overall performance to that of its direct competitor.

It should also be noted that AMD continues to invest in the development of new technologies, such as FSR 3 (equivalent of the DLSS), which should soon be available via an update scheduled for 2023. With effective ventilation and several HDMI 2 ports.1a, DisplayPort 2.1 and even a USB-C socket, the RX 7900 XTX is a solid option for players looking for very high performance.

3. RTX 4080

Gigabyte RTX 4080

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Features : Frequency : 2505 MHz | RAM: 16 GB (GDDR6X) | Fanters: 3

There RTX 4080 de Nvidia is currently one of the best graphics cards on the market, and surely the most interesting for gaming. It offers one of the largest calculation powers with its 9,728 Cuda cores and its boosted frequency of 2.5 GHz. It also has 16 GB of GDDR6X video memory, For a consumption of 320 watts. Compared to the RTX 3080, the RTX 4080 has a significant performance difference, in particular in the field of Ray Tracing thanks to the DLSS 3. This allows you to play in 4K with the activated ray tracing while maintaining very good fluidity.

It also benefits from good cooling, with reasonable temperatures and a noise level less than 38.5 dB (A) even in intensive use. Nevertheless, the back of the medal is that this GPU requires a diet of 700 watts minimum. Although its cost is high, RTX 4080 is capable of making shoot all games without difficulty. Whether in gaming or application, it is always at the top of the basket.

4. RX 7900 XT

Radeon RX 7900XT

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Features : Frequency : 2400 MHz | RAM: 20 GB (GDDR6) | Fanters: 3

There RX 7900 XT presents itself as one of the models of the most the most at the point from AMD, being a slightly more affordable alternative than the RX 7900 XTX. Although the XTX performance is higher, the RX 7900 XT also offers experience of Very fluid 4K game thanks to its frequency of up to 2.4 GHz and its 20 GB GDDR6 video memory. To compare to competition, the RX 7900 XT is between RTX 4080 and RTX 4070 TI, although Ray Tracing’s performance is not yet up to NVIDIA. However, thanks to its new RDNA 3 architecture and the update of FSR 3 Scheduled for 2023, AMD gradually catches up.

One of the advantages of AMD graphics cards is their value for money. Indeed, the RX 7900 XT is very interesting in terms of performance while retaining attractive prices compared to competition. But for its use, a 750 watts diet is recommended to meet its energy needs. In short, it offers solid performance for 4K games and an excellent value for money, which make it very interesting for players concerned with their budget.

5. RX 6900 XT

XFX Speedster Merc319

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Features : Frequency : 2135 MHz | Ram : 16 GB (GDDR6) | Fans : 3

Intended for Ultra-expired gamers having a configuration top of the line But especially to the 3D modeling professional, this RX 6900 XT of AMD delivers performance impressive. Thanks to its power and its 16GB of RAM, it is ideal for use in virtual reality, On resolution games 4K or for video production. On titles such as Assassin’s Creed Valhalla, it will offer you more 60 fps in 4K and with all the levels of details adjusted to the maximum. Even if AMD is back on Ray Tracing against Nvidia, this 6900 XT is found before RTX 4070 TI because its price/performance ratio is much more advantageous, especially since the drop in prices following the release of new generations of GPU.

Regarding the card presented, it has Three axial fans taking care of the heat outside of your case which has just added to its Cooling system internal liquid. Your case must also be good size To contain this graphics card measuring 34 cm in length. Regarding the supply of your configuration, it is recommended to have at least one PSU of 850 Watts. Slightly under an RTX 4070 Ti, once oc it arrives almost at the same level. For equal performance in raster and even higher than the 4070 TI, you can opt for the RX 6950 XT if you find it under 680 euros.

6. RTX 4070 Ti

MSI GeForce RTX 4070ti Ventus 3x

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Features : Frequency : 2475 MHz | RAM: 12 GB (GDDR6X) | Fanters: 3

For a graphics card that has very interesting performance, there is the RTX 4070 Ti from Nvidia. Although it is mainly intended for Use in 1440p, She is also very efficient in 4K. Indeed, with a frequency of up to 2.61 GHz, 12 GB of GDDR6X, A consumption of 285 watts and 7,680 cuda cores, it even exceeds RTX 3080 Ti in terms of power. It is regrettable on the other hand to have only 16 GB of VRAM, where its competitors, the RX 6900XT or 6950XT offers 16. This point is not overlooked according to your player profile.

This card is distinguished from AMD offers thanks to its advanced mastery of Ray Tracing and its new DLSS version. RTX 4070 TI offers an exceptional gaming experience even in 4K for certain titles. However, remember to plan a 700 watt diet to run it as well as a spacious housing to accommodate its relatively large size.

7. RX 6800 XT

RX 6800 XT

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Features : Frequency : 1925 MHz | Ram : 16 GB (GDDR6) | Fans : 3

This Graphic card RX 6800 XT signed AMD is intended for gamers in search of power and performance or those practicing video production. It offers a resolution 4K On almost all recent games and also allows virtual reality use. With 16 GB of RAM, It easily reaches the 125 fps On titles like Doom Eternal in Ultra mode. It is in competition against the 4070 of Nvidia with a more attractive price but in retreating performance concerning Ray Tracing. What makes us place it right in front of the new NVIDIA card is the presence of the 16 GB of VRAM.

With its 3 fans and his Cooling system, The heat is dissipated effectively but also in all discretion, You won’t hear it. As for the majority of high -end custom custom graphics cards, it is overclockable in a few clicks. Note that its relatively imposing size Because of its 3 fans will require a suitable, relatively substantial size. LED lighting is present, but no RGB. To compose, we still notice a very nice look and beautiful finishes.

8. RTX 4070

RTX 4070 Ventus 2x

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Features : Frequency : 2475 MHz | RAM: 12 GB (GDDR6X) | Fanters: 2

For 1440p game, NVIDIA graphics card RTX 4070 is considered one of the most suitable. It is equipped with 5,888 cuda cores, 12 GB of GDDR6X and a boosted frequency of almost 2.5 GHz, which allows him to achieve performance that is worth the full, even in 4K (although necessarily more limited in this area).

Its power is similar to that of the RTX 3080, but the RTX 4070 has advantages such as the DLSS 3 or AV1 encoding. Although the famous GPU is normally considered to be the means of the range, we can almost consider that this is a high -end with a means -of -range rate, offering a Very attractive value for money. It is also felt in the consumption of 200 watts which is a strong point of this model.

9. RX 6700 XT

RX 6700 XT

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Features : Frequency : 2321 MHz | Ram : 12 GB (GDDR6) | Fans : 3

This RX 6700 XT model Signed AMD is intended for configurations midrange and gamers equipped with screen QHD Or Full HD. Offered at an affordable price, this graphic chip will offer you very good performances in 1440p and even more in 1080p. We talk about about 90 fps on Far Cry 5 by pushing the details to the maximum.

With its 12 GB of RAM, it’s a very good card to play video games in Classic resolutions with impeccable rendering. The latter is if an RTX 3070 and a 3060 TI, even if AMD once again remains behind the Ray Tracing part. It will suit those who want power at a slightly more contained price than RTX models.

10. RTX 3060 Ti

RTX 3060 Ti

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Features : Frequency : 1770 MHz | Ram : 8 GB (GDDR6) | Fans : 2

With this RTX 3060 TI, Nvidia fills the expectations of the majority of gamers. These capacities will allow you to fully enjoy The vast majority of titles in 1080p with a large level of detail, but also in 1440p. For 4K, you will need to make large concessions on the parameters in play, so you might as well do not take it into account for this resolution, which is normal with a mid -range graphics card as affordable. To speak concrete, it will therefore allow you to play Red Dead Redemption 2 in Ultra mode and about 65 fps.

Having 2 fans Effective and silently the heat dissipation since they do not run out of play, this graphics card is quite compact. We can afford to integrate it into sizes standard. It also has RGB LEDs and a gaming design at Impeccable finishes.

We are delighted to see an affordable graphics card (the affordable term remains relative given the current prices) bring together so much quality. Another positive point, it is overclockable. Currently between 600 and 500 €, you can find it a few rare times under 500 € but with fewer premium elements (like the RGB for example).

Graphics card buying (GPU)

Now let’s go to the heart of the subject by approaching all the essential points to know how to choose your graphics card. We will see the selection criteria, such as performance in play or RAM, but also more specific points, such as the differences between manufacturers.

graphics card purchase guide

Classification of graphics cards by power

Depending on whether we play in Full HD, Wqhd or in 4K, The performance expected by the card vary greatly. The same goes for the number of images per second, resolutely decreasing for higher resolutions. THE table below therefore takes up the main references and tells you to what resolutions each is intended.

The symbol ✔️ means compatibility with almost all of the titles, but if it is accompanied by ➖, this means that you will have to accept some concessions in terms of graphics. We do not take into account the DLSS or FSR and the RT. This table concerns gourmet games that fully exploit the card.

You will need a suitable graphics card to the desired performances for the games you plan to play. If you like to take advantage of the latest AAA games, be sure to choose a chip that can support them. You would really be disappointed to see your Fps melt like snow in the sun As soon as you take 3 steps.

And don’t forget to keep in mind that to play in WQHD or 4K, you will also need of an instructor who supports him. So pay attention to the choice of your screen so that your configuration is optimized And consistent. We also offer a comparison with a selection of PC screen for 4K between models for gaming and those for productivity.

Graphic card 1080@60fps 1080@120fps 1440@60fps 1440@120fps 4K@60fps 4K@120fps
RTX 4090 ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
RX 7900 XTX ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
RTX 4080 ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
RX 7900 XT ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
RTX 4070 Ti ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️➖
RTX 4070 ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
RTX 3090 ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️➖
RX 6900 XT ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️➖
RTX 3080 ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
RX 6800 XT ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️➖
RTX 3070 ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️➖
RX 6700 XT ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️➖
RX 6600 XT ✔️ ✔️➖ ✔️➖
RTX 3060 ✔️ ✔️➖ ✔️➖
RTX 2080 Super ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️➖
Radeon RX 5700 XT ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ➖
RTX 2070 ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Radeon RX 5700 ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
RTX 2060 Super ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Radeon RX 5600 XT ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
GTX 1660 Super ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ➖
GTX 1650 Super ✔️ ➖
Radeon RX 580 ✔️
Radeon RX 570 ✔️ ➖

New graphics cards: what the future has in store for us ?

Now let’s see what the future has in store for us. Previous generations of graphics cards of Nvidia and AMD, respectively the 3000 and 6000 series, brought a really significant performance leap. The new series 4000 fall into a drop in consumption and inaugurate DLSS3 and RT Overdrive. As for the Radeo 7000, AMD has caught up with the promise of an FSR 3.0 for the year.

NVIDIA, Ray Tracing and DLSS 3


Ray Tracing Level Reds still accuse a generation of delay. Maybe we are going to see a push to come back to the Nvidia level. They are currently being developed at The two manufacturers.

But what do we know ? We know that Nvidia renews its architecture And that the latter could be twice as powerful as the previous ones: GPU architecture Ada Lovelace containing a chip 5nm. Improvement in terms of performance could be similar to the leap there was between the 2000 series and the 3000 series.

On the other hand, rumors evoke a consumption For these future graphics cards. @Graymon55 and @kopite7kimi evoke figures above 250W. To give you a concrete example, here is The rumors that concerned+t the RTX 4090 ::

  • The 24 GB of VRAM in GDDR6X of the RTX 3090 Ti should be kept.
  • On the other hand, we would go from 10,752 cuda cores clocked at 1.67 GHz to 18,432 clocked at 2.8 GHz. So we are faced with a increase consequence of what the 3000 series currently offers us.

We even talked about a graphics card with 48 GB of VRAM and a consumption of 900W ! Finally here is what we had:

  • 24 GB from VRAM in gddr6x
  • 16,384 cuda hearts clocked up to 2.52 GHz.
  • We are at a graphiic consumption of 450W.

AMD still in the race

The Nvidia DLSS 3 exceeds DLSS 2 in terms of rate of

That reserves us AMD For his future graphics cards AMD Radeon 7000 ? We already know that the latter will be equipped with a new architecture RDNA 3. We have just finished the second generation, Rdna 2 and it’s been a few months since the 7900XT and XTX were released.

David Wang, the company’s vice-president of the company, had announced that this new architecture would boost the performance of 50% per watt. Power should therefore be increased tenfold, and consumption, on the other hand, should decrease.

The 7900XT can play a rare in rastering in the face of a 4080, but still accuses a delay in Ray Tracing. However, AMD has progressed well in this area and attacks the generation of Frame with the FSR 3, who came to play on the DLSS 3 platforms . The brand can consider may be a future

Some graphics cards should also be equipped with a chip Nav 33 engraved in 6 nm of TSMC, which will surely be an improved version of the Navi 21 chip 21. Besides, Rdna 4 has already been announced, this latest generation should be deployed after 2024 and should still Increase performance GPUs.

Intel the new challenger

Intel As for them, who embarks on graphics card race Recently, has a little more trouble getting their chips. With models Arc 770 The first tests seemed very promising, Especially with the improvement of drivers. Arc 770 could achieve performance close to a 3060 Ti. While the arc 750 is gently confined itself to a 3060.

How to choose your graphics card ? Selection criteria

Now let’s see the different parameters you need to have in mind before selecting the right GPU. It will of course depend on graphic performance, but also on several other elements falling more from the reseller manufacturer (Gigabyte type, sapphire, etc.) that of the designer (NVIDIA or AMD).

GPU’s best brands

It exists Two major graphics card manufacturers and a 3rd, Intel which has just entered the race:

  • AMD : AMD graphics cards are often more sober and cheaper than competition. Fewer options, but better quality/price ratio. One thing is certain, the performance level results are present and AMD remains a solid choice. Holding a few years ago AMD a few years ago made a good important in performance with its RX 6000 range, making almost equal game with Nvidia, but still accusing a delay on the Ray Tracing part. Finally AMD also makes processors and if you coupled one of their CPUs to their GPU you can enjoy a 15% performance gain thanks to SAM (Smart Access Memory) technology).
  • Nvidia : They are the direct competitors of AMD and it is they who dominate the market. Their graphics cards are famous for their crazy performances and their ever -growing technological options (DLSS, RTX, etc.). Innovation is also at the heart of Nvidia. However, they are often more expensive than at AMD, but the latter also advance by creating similar and more open grandy technologies than those of Nvidia.
  • Intel is the third company that should arrive soon on the market graphics cards. The brand is confronted with a major challenge against 2 competitors established for decades on the GPU market.

Partner brands for so -called “custom” cards

XFX MERC319 6950XT

Then you can find different assemblers, Asus, MSI, Corsair, Gigabytes, XFX… They are the ones who go up the graphics cards by adding it different options, For example :

  • Better cooling
  • More ram
  • A higher frequency

To make your choice, it’s up to you to see which options added by an assembler are The most important for you.

These cards are often called “custom models”. AMD, for example, makes its cards handle by these various market players (some are considered as founders Edition or FE). The price is slightly lower than the customs of Nvidia which are also assembled by these same manufacturers.

Founders Edition cards

Nvidia compares the GeForce RTX 4070 to the RTX 3060 and the GTX 1060 in Counter Strike 2 on a latency benchmark

But Nvidia Manufacture also its own graphics cards that are found on the acronym of Fe or Founder Edition. They are generally cheaper and offer the basic characteristics for the GPU in question (therefore by DE RGB, an optimized thermal dissipator but without frills, a CPU at the basic frequency not OC even if you can do it by yourself then).

Consumers often refer to basic prices of these models. That’s what we call The MSRP price (Manufacturer Suggestted Retail Price or retail price suggested by the manufacturer). FEs are generally more difficult to obtain because it is cheaper than custom models offered by brands like Asus or MSI for example.

GPU range depending on the price and resolution

According to your budget and the resolution that you want, there are Different ranges of graphics cards. They can be identified in their names, regardless of the brand. These ranges have consequences on the price. For example, we can have several hundred euros in differences between the entry level from Nvidia and the high -end. Here is an idea of ​​the MSRP prices announced by Nvidia at the end of their models Founders Edition. We are far from prices on custom models.

  • GeForce RTX 4070 : 659 euros
  • GeForce RTX 4080 : 1369 euros
  • GeForce RTX 4090 : 1819 euros

In the same way, we will not be able to request the same performance from a RX graphics card 6900 and rx 6600. The first will be intended for a very advanced use as 4K or video production, the last will rather allow Play only in Full HD.

GPU size

If what we look at above all by choosing Its new graphics card Those are the performance, You must not neglect its size . Indeed, depending on the dimensions of your housing, your GPU may not go back and you will have bought it for nothing. Some High -end custom graphics cards measure more than 30 cm in length for 15 cm in width, it is therefore necessary to provide for the place.

Graphic card

Some models belonging to the same range are available with 1, 2 or 3 fans, which allows you toadapt the size Depending on your other components and dimensions your turn.

RTX, Raytracing at Nvidia but also at AMD

Appeared in 2018, the Ray Tracing is a signed technology Nvidia improving The journey of light and its interactions with the environment in a video game. The effects of reflection, refraction, shadow and graphics in general have thus A more realistic rendering. This technology replaces the rasterization, The process used classically in video games. We find the Ray Tracing in more and more titles at present.

Nvidia ready to win her bet on the democratization of Ray Tracing with soon more than 400 titles

AMD also has its own solution since Its RNDA 2 architecture. If it is more recent than Ray Tracing Nvidia, it improves Each Software Update will continue to do so to gain more and more magnitude with New generations of graphics cards.

However, this technology is to be qualified. It does not fundamentally change the appearance of a game but above all, it is Very greedy in FPS. Do not activate the Ray Tracing will not spoil your experience in play, so it is not an essential, you can above all favor the fluidity.

DLSS, FSR and Xess

THE Dlss (Deep Learning Super Sample) is an Nvidia technology using artificial intelligence and improving image quality in increasing the frequency and of relieve the graphics card. THE FSR (Fidelityfx Super Resolution), It is the same type of technology but developed by AMD.

The biggest difference that exists between these two technologies is the hardware. To benefit from DLSS technology, you must have a graphics card NVIDIA RTX. While on the side of AMD, the FSR is available with any GPU.

In fact, the performances of one as the other are almost equivalent. Nvidia has an advantage, but it must be said that they are the ones who developed this innovation first. Today Nvidia has done A huge leap with the DLSS 3.which doubles performance at FPS. This technology generates latency but Nvidia has developed in parallel Nvidia Reflex which corrects this problem.

AMD intends to catch up with the DLSS 3 with the FSR 3 expected for 2023. Besides, the company leaves its FSR technology accessible in open source, which allowed certain coders to further improve graphic performance on games like Metro Exodus for example.

To finish on this point Intel is not to be outdone with the Xess which offers results close to the DLSS and begins to surpass the FSR.

The performance wanted for gaming

We are talking about gaming here because it is certainly the most objectifiable, but the thing is also valid for video editing for example. Analyze your needs: as a player, have a Full HD, WQHD or 4K screen ? The ranges to which you will turn will not already be the same. Also reason in terms of FPS (the number of images per second): the higher the value, the better the fluidity of the game.

Nvidia establishes a certain nomenclature of its GPUs to help meet there. We find the basic models (example: RTX 3060) supplemented with “TI” (titanium) or “Super” versions for previous generations. These variants are in fact an improvement in basic characteristics of the card (generally an overclocking processor See even more RAM), but it retains the same chip as for the basic version.

A graphics card for video and streaming

If you plan to do 4K assembly or benefit from the latest encoder technologies such as AV1, the latest generations of cards offer it. Whether on the side of RX 7000 Or RTX 4000 and even theIntel Arc A770, They take into account the AV1. AV1 is recommended for streaming, especially in 4K.

Streaming Internet Video Games via GPU


The clock frequency is roughly designated the GPU calculation speed. Although the importance of this value is not to be neglected, A value greater than another does not necessarily mean that the GPU is better. On the other hand, one can establish a direct link with the FPS, namely that a high clock frequency will allow you to enjoy good fluidity in play.


Overclocking allows you to boost GPU performance beyond its basic characteristics. However, they potentially put the integrity of the equipment in danger, so manufacturers are increasingly using factory overclocking (see FAQ). It is generally not recommended to make OC on a graphics card while this is much more common on a processor.

However the software AMD adrenaline is perfectly suited for OC your raft with enough security. Regarding NVIDIA, a solution like MSI afterburner allows OC your RTX.

Adrenalin AMD


Just as the clock frequency, RAM has a significant impact on performance in play, it retains in memory-among others-textures and shadders. The type of RAM also matters: today most cards are provided with GDDR6 and even GDDR6X for high -end models at NVIDIA.

In 2023, 8 GB seem to be the minimum For small configurations with cards of previous generations, but it seems to become more and more limiting on new games. For someone wishing to play the last AAA, it is advisable to have At least 12 GB of VRAM.

Fanters: cooling performance and noise pollution

Focus on their number, but also on their effectiveness, because in addition to damaging your equipment, a significant heating significantly degrades in-game performance. At the same time, find out about the noise cleared by the fans and whether they are active or not at rest.

Gigabyte GeForce GTX 1660 Ti 6 Go1 graphics card

As we said above there are models of the same range with 1, 2 or 3 fans To adapt to the size of your turn. He will say that a smaller card is less efficient than a 3 fans model that better cools a GPU and allows it to provide all its power in the best conditions.

G-Sync vs free-sync: what gpu synchronization technology to choose ?

Nvidia has developed the G-sync Only compatible with its cards, which has become a real reference in the matter, and ensuring perfect synchronization between the refreshment of the screen and that of the GPU.

AMD, meanwhile, has developed its own solution Free-sync, resting on theSync adaptive. The performances remain comparable, but AMD appears more open than Nvidia, opening compatibility to more screens outside the GPU brand.

Connectors: HDMI, DVI, DisplayPort…

Depending on the connection used, the frequency and the performance in play will not be the same. So ask about the number of ports for each, but also the relevance of each type of connection. THE DisplayPort is an ideal choice for compatibility with Free-Sync and G-Sync.

Generally a graphics card offers several DisplayPort ports but also HDMI.

USB-C was also available at Nvidia but the latter disappeared from RTX 3000, which is a shame given the development of VR headsets which can use this connectors to connect directly to the PC.

VR and GPU

VR and GPU

Regarding the VR, it was recommended at least to have a RTX 2070 and especially an Nvidia card. Today with an RTX 3060 Ti. Now, AMD is also becoming efficient on VR with its rafts, but at least it will be necessary to the RDNA 2 from a 6700XT.

It is possible to use less powerful cards, but we favor visual performance here for better immersion.

Compatibility with food and the PC case

In the frenzy to constitute his config, we can quickly get to forget the stories of compatibility, and yet, it is obviously crucial. Regarding PC food, be sure to choose a powerful enough for your GPU.

  • 550 to 650 W will be sufficient for entry -level.,
  • For mid -range we are targeting between 650 and 750 W.
  • We will have to turn to 750 W and more for Hauts-de-Gamme cards.

The new generations of GPU tend to consume less with new micro -uits engraved in 5 nm, more efficient with better energy consumption.

About the pc box, Here it is a question of dimensions. You have to make sure that the card targeted between well in the box of your config. Fortunately this is standardized. Generally your case will be in ATX, micro atx or mini ITX format for the smallest format.

Corsair modular power supply

Another point to take into account, what connection for my graphics card ? With its new FE, Nvidia introduces 16 -pin connectors. You will need an adapter if you do not have one of the power supplies in 2023. On the other hand, partner manufacturers continue to offer GPUs which can be supplied with 8 pines or 16 pines such as RTX 4070.

FAQ of the graphics card

We take up below the most regularly asked questions about the GPUs and answer them; At the same time, we give you more indications on the best equipment function of your profile and your needs, for example for gaming or video editing.

What is a graphics card for ?

In addition to displaying Windows, the GPU manages the3D display, Obviously very practical for video games … but that’s not all ! It is also essential as part of video editing, architecture and graphic creations, or for the mining of cryptocurrency.

How to know your graphics card ?

If you know it, type the reference of your model on the Internet, and you will then access the detail of the technical characteristics. Otherwise, click on the Windows logo at the bottom right of the screen to open the “Start” menu. Then click on “Device manager” then, in the new tab opening up to you, select “Graphics Cards”. You will then have the reference of the GPU and the chipset.

How to update your graphics card ?

By following the same procedure as previously, this time realizes a right click on the GPU to launch the search for updates. However, it happens that, for obscure reasons, research does not succeed. Go to the official card designer website (NVIDIA or AMD) and manually search for your card reference. Updates will then be indicated and available for download.

Which graphics card for a 240Hz screen in Full HD ?

This refresh rate requires an adapted GPU. We therefore recommend at least one RTX 3060 Ti For Full HD at 240 Hz for greater latitude. Of course, this choice is to be put in perspective with the desired performance in play and consumption / cooling. This frequency is often targeted for competitive games.

Which graphics card for photo video editing and graphic designers ?

For simple assembly a AMD Raft Rx 580 Or 590, Embarking 4 or 8GB of RAM, will be perfectly suited. On the Nvidia side even a GTX 1650 may suffice. But if you want to do 4K, you can already go on a 3000 generation RTX and more if you have the budget but also according to your needs. Of course you should not forget a multithread and a lot of RAM CPU.

What GPU to mine ?

For the creation of nodes, mining requires a certain amount of graphic resources. Before choosing according to the power of the card, it is also necessary to observe its consumption the number of giga of RAM, 6 GB will go perfectly for small cryptos. Thus a 1660 super can be interesting. Then the cooling system is an important point, on recent cards, it is best to go on references below a 3070 TI. Also pay attention to the LHR models to prevent the hasg.

NVIDIA or AMD graphics card ?

This is a debate that keeps coming back, and your editor of course has his opinion on the question. On the entry level and the intermediate ranges, AMD undoubtedly advances the best value for money: with almost equal performance, the pricing practiced by AMD is often more attractive than that of Nvidia. On the other hand, the latter remains master with regard to energy consumption or thermal performance. Above all, he is illustrated on the high-end with hyper sophisticated GPUs, but AMD now manages to compete in this sector in this sector.

MSI, Gigabyte, XFX… what differences between manufacturers ?

The graphic chip remains that integrated by Nvidia or AMD, but the different brands bring their personal additions. They will therefore play on overclocking, THE number of fans, there frequency or the Ram.

What a difference between overclocking and factory overclocking (OC) ?

If the GPU is indicated “OC graphics card”, this means that overclocking has already been carried out by the manufacturer, in particular to increase the clock frequency. Conversely, overclocking alone means that you can push certain parameters, but that it will have to be done manually, at your own risk ! The first choice is therefore the most secure, especially since the OC GPUs are accompanied by a cooling system adapted to Boost.