Comparison of electric car consumption kWh/km: model of models – electric roller, how much consumes the recharge of an electric car?

What is the consumption of an electric car recharge

The consumption and the price of an electric car recharge depend on several criteria:

Consumption comparison of electric cars

Although the price of electricity is much lower than that of gasoline, the consumption of electric cars in kWh (kilowattheures) per kilometer is quite uneven depending on brands, models, sizes and types of cars. SUVs, sedans and city cars are all different and have different energy consumption levels.

Bigger, heavier, more greedy

Electric SUVs are generally larger and heavier than sedans and city dwellers, which means that they consume more energy to browse the same distance. However, they are also larger and have greater fatty autonomy to a larger battery, which can compensate for a higher consumption. Samns and electric city cars are generally lighter and more compact, which means that they consume less energy to browse the same distance. However, they have a significantly lower autonomy and a limited towing capacity.

Models more efficient than others

The specific models of electric cars can also have very different energy consumption rates. For example, a model known to offer greater autonomy and greater efficiency is the Tesla Model 3, which means that it will consume less energy to browse the same distance as another car. On the other hand, some models may have less effective performance and lower autonomy, which means that they will use more energy to browse the same distance.

Read also: Kia EV4: the Electric SUV mystery spying for the first time

Aerodynamics is important

Finally, the size and type of electric car you choose can also have a significant impact on its energy consumption. Lighter and more compact vehicles are generally more effective thanks to lower wind resistance and therefore better aerodynamis, which means that they consume less energy per kilometer traveled. Larger and heavier vehicles will have higher consumption, especially if you are likely to use them with a roof box a trailer.

Thanks to the online tool on this site, the time simulator and charging cost, we have established a small quick table of the best -selling models in France as well as other models for comparison, their consumption at 100 km And therefore their cost with a home recharge:

Brand and model WLTP approved consumption for 100 km Recharge cost for 100 km
Peugeot E-208 13.5 kWh / 100 km € 3.5
Peugeot E-2008 14.4 kWh / 100 km € 3.7
Tesla Model 3 12.2 kWh / 100 km € 3.2
Tesla Model Y 13.2 kWh / 100 km € 3.4
Tesla Model S 15.8 kWh / 100 km € 4.0
Tesla Model X 17.4 kWh / 100 km 4.5 €
Fiat 500E 13.1 kWh / 100 km € 3.4
Renault Mégane E-Tech 13.3 kWh / 100 km € 3.5
Volkswagen ID.3 13.6 kWh / 100 km € 3.5
Volkswagen ID.4 15.1 kWh / 100 km € 3.9
MG ZS 15.5 kWh / 100 km € 4.0
Dacia Spring 11.7 kWh / 100 km € 3.1
Audi Q4 e-tron 15.5 kWh / 100 km € 4.0
Audi SQ8 E-Tron 23.7 kWh / 100 km € 6.1
BMW i4 Edrive40 13.7 kWh / 100 km € 3.6
BMW IX M60 18.6 kWh / 100 km € 4.8
Ford Mustang Mach-E 17.3 kWh / 100 km 4.5 €
Jaguar I-Pace 19.1 kWh / 100 km € 5.0
Porsche Taycan Turbo S 17.1 kWh / 100 km 4.5 €
Citroën Berlingo Electric 17.9 kWh / 100 km € 4.6
MERCEDES EQE 14.2 kWh / 100 km € 3.7
Toyota Bz4X 14.2 kWh / 100 km € 3.7

So we see that within the same brand, efficiency depends on the model and its dimensions. A large model also very sporty like the Audi SQ8 e-tron costs approximately 2 times more at 100 km than a Dacia Spring, which remains relatively logical. On the other hand, a Tesla Model X which obtains better sports performance than this even Audi SQ8 E-Tron is much more efficient.

Also read: Renault Scénic Electric: 620 km of autonomy made in France to beat the Tesla Model y

Understanding the energy consumption of your electric car is essential to optimize its use and reduce costs. However, another just as important aspect is the time required to recharge your vehicle. This may vary considerably depending on the car model and the type of charger used. To find out more about how to understand the recharge time of an electric car, see our dedicated page. It will help you understand the factors that influence charging time and how you can optimize it for your daily use.

Forty -year -old passionate about electric cars. I am interested in the energy transition and the fight against greenhouse gas emissions. I am a real enthusiast of electric cars and an environment defender.

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What is the consumption of an electric car recharge ?

In an energy transition logic, the electric car is probably the vehicle for the future. Discover the electricity consumption of a recharge and learn to reduce the cost.

The consumption of an electric car in summary:

  • The consumption of an electric car during its recharge is approximately 15 kWh per 100 km. At home, it generally costs between 8 and 11 euros per recharge.
  • Recharge your electric vehicle at home is a lot more advantageous that on a public terminal.
  • For Reduce the cost of use From your automobile, compare suppliers to find the most suitable for your use of electricity and follow your consumption !

What is the average consumption of electric car recharge ?

Average consumption and cost of a home recharge

The most widespread and economical means to recharge its electric automobile is the Home recharge, which therefore inflates the energy consumption of your home or that of your apartment.

With a standard subscription to an electricity supplier Like EDF, Engie or Totalenergies, the car is recharged in a slow cycle, which can last 10 to 30 hours. It is customary to recharge it only up to 80 % of its capacity Only, in order to preserve its autonomy over time.

It is also possible to opt for a faster load cycle. The latter is carried out by means of a reinforced taking such as a “wallbox”, the installation of which is carried out by an electrician. It will be able to support a larger load and will reduce time by half (10 hours instead of 20, for example).

Master your energy consumption

Thanks to the Hello Watt application, see your consumer data to know where to start to reduce your bills !

To determine the average consumption of an electric car recharge at home as well as its cost, several criteria must be taken into account:

  • there consumption of electricity vehicle every 100 km. Here, we consider three types of consumption: low (12 kWh/100 km), average (15 kWh/100 km), and raised (20 kWh/100 km)
  • there Average battery capacity, Estimated here at 60 kWh;
  • THE Price per kWh, Paid for this example 0.147 euros (off -peak hours at the blue price of EDF).

Electric car consumption

kWh consumed for recharge

Recharge price

kWh consumed year -round

Source: EDF price grid and hello watt estimates, September 2023

The price of a recharge is the same for the three models of cars since Their battery has the same capacity 60 kWh. Simply, the one that consumes the most will have a less good autonomy and will have to be recharged more often; Its annual cost will therefore be higher and will increase the energy consumption of the individual which recharges it.

Average cost of a public terminal recharge

The consumption of an electric car recharge is the same at home as a public terminal, quite simply because the capacity of the battery does not change and that the amount of electricity to be recharged is identical.

On the other hand, the cost of a recharge is not the same at a public terminal as at home. In public terminals, invoicing can be carried out Three different ways ::

  • Billing per kWh : the price is estimated on average at € 0.50;
  • Billing per minute or hour : for a complete and fast recharge, the average time spent at the terminal is 3 hours and the price of € 0.30 per minute;
  • Package invoicing : fixed price for recharge from 8 p.m. to 8 a.m. It amounts to an average of 10 euros;

Depending on the three formulas, the following prices are obtained:

Electric car consumption

kWh consumed for recharge

Price of a billing with invoicing per kWh

Price of a charge with invoicing per hour (quick terminal)

Price of a charging with invoicing in the package

Between 400 and 2,160 €

Between 500 and 2,700 €

Between 670 and 3,620 €

Source: hello watt estimates

Most public terminals offer normal, fast or very fast recharging. Certain loading speeds are only compatible with certain electric vehicles, such as Tesla models or the Renault Zoe, most appreciated by users.

The annual cost presented above is indicative: very few people with an electric car recharge it exclusively in a public terminal. Indeed, near 90 % of holders of an electric vehicle recharge it at home.

In France, there are Free public charging stations, which often only pays parking. They are often located in shopping centers or in public parking lots. However, as the electric car is popular, they are becoming increasingly rare.

How to calculate the consumption of an electric car recharge ?

Calculate consumption in kWh

The data presented above are averages. Your electric vehicle data may therefore be very different.

To calculate the Consumption of recharging your electric car, You will need to know the capacity of its battery in kWh uniquely. If it is 70 kWh, it means that each time you recharge it completely, you consume 70 kWh of electricity. If you don’t recharge that at 80 %, As recommended, you just have to Multiply the battery capacity in KWH by 0.8.

If you want to know the number of kWh consumed by your car year -round, You will need to know the vehicle consumption by 100 km slice and the number of kilometers traveled with per year. The calculation will be as follows:

[KWH consumption / 100 km x Number of km traveled per year / 100 km]

What is your average electricity consumption ?

Calculate your electricity consumption and reduce your energy bill !

Calculation of the consumption of an electric car recharge in euros

To know the Cost in euros of the consumption of your electric vehicle, The calculation will be different if you recharge it using a public or home terminal, with your Wallbox socket for example.

At home, you just have to make the following calculation:

[Consumption in KWH X KWH Price paid to the supplier]

If you have subscribed to a subscription including the full / hollow hour price option, the price you will pay to your supplier at KWH will differentiate according to the time slot you recharge your vehicle. Consider inquiring by consulting your monthly energy bill or the provider’s pricing grid.

Normally, the cost per month linked to the recharges of your vehicle must not exceed that of your electric heating, especially if you are equipped with low -consumption radiators.

If you choose the option offered by charging stations, The calculation will be more complex, because it depends on several parameters:

  • the operator of the charging station (Total, Ionity, Corridor CNR, or Tesla superchargers for example);
  • the subscription : you will pay cheaper if you are subscribed than if you are a simple occasional user;
  • Recharge mode : Rapid recharging prices are more expensive than those of standard refills;
  • the connection cost : It often includes an hour of recharge;
  • Billing mode : it will generate a different cost (cost of the minute / additional hour, the package or the kWh);

Thus, to obtain the cost of recharge from your electric vehicle, the most classic calculation will be as follows:

[(Number of hours – 1) x Cost of one hour + connection cost]

How to reduce the consumption of an electric car ?

The electric car is a very energy -consuming device. There are ways to reduce consumption and the price of its use.

Invest in an efficient, energy -consuming model and adapt your conduct

Like an electric plate, a fridge, a computer or a dishwasher, if you choose to place your starting investment in a efficient and energy -efficient vehicle model, You will be rewarded for duration. The entry -level of the famous Tesla brand, the Tesla Model 3 to one relatively low consumption (between 14 and 16 kWh/100 km), a higher autonomy than the average (about 500 kilometers) and a battery with a capacity of 55 kWh. These characteristics make it one of the most competitive cars on the market.

In Adopting an eco driving, You can also make your vehicle use time to use before recharging it.

The French electricity bill

Hello Watt returns to 10 years of increase in electricity prices in France.

Take advantage of free public charging stations

In France, recharging your vehicle in a public terminal has a very high cost, except when it is free. Do not hesitate to spot them so that they can use them and savings.

Recharge your car at home in off -peak hours

As the averages show, recharging your electric car at home is much less expensive than using a public terminal. Favor this means to make the use of your vehicle as advantageous as possible.

In addition, if you have subscribed to an optional electricity offer, you would likely benefit from turning to a Subscription Hours / off -peak hours. This price option offers a price per kilowatt hour much more advantageous at night, And an electric vehicle generally does not need to be recharged more than once a day.

In addition to classic off -peak hours, there are offers specially designed for electric car owners ! This is the case of EDF Auto Electric Green, ELEC ’CAR ENGIE or Super hollow hours of totalnergies !

To find an offer dedicated to electric cars holders adapted to your profile, nothing could be simpler thanuse a energy comparator . You can then choose your supplier, your price and your conditions.

FAQ: your questions about recharging an electric car

What criteria influence the consumption of an electric car ?

The consumption and the price of an electric car recharge depend on several criteria:

  • THE vehicle model electric, its power and its autonomy in km;
  • there car consumption, measured in kWh / 100 km. This data indicates the number of battery units lost every 100 km. Today, electric vehicles consume on average between 15 and 20 kWh / 100 km;
  • there battery capacity, expressed in kWh;
  • L’use which is made of it (city, national, highway, etc.))
  • THE Price per kWh : It will be different depending on where the car is recharged (on home or public terminal), time slot (full hours or off -peak hours), or electricity supplier.

How to recharge my electric car ?

There are two places to recharge an electric car:

  • home, On your Wallbox type socket for example: the price is most interesting, especially in off -peak hours;
  • on a public terminal, in the street, in parking lots and in shopping centers, for example. Even if they are becoming increasingly rare, know that there are free in France in France.

How to optimize the price of consumption of an electric car recharge ?

In order for your electric car to cost you less, there are eco-gestures. Favor Refills on your home take rather than in a public terminal. If you need to use a public terminal, locate those that are free.

Preferably choose a electricity offer specially adapted to electric cars, Or at least offering the off -peak price option. Finally, you can also Follow your consumption in real time with a tool such as the Hello Watt app, connected to your Linky counter. This tool will also allow you to find solutions to reduce the consumption of your heating for example.